ই-পেপার

SITE UNDER CONSTRUCTION
বাংলাদেশ পুলিশের মুখপত্র
অব্যাহত প্রকাশনার ৬৩ বছর

Md. Ashraful Islam

What is diplomatic mission?  Diplomatic mission or foreign mission is a group of people from one state or an organization present in another state to represent the sending state/organization officially in the receiving state. Like as Bangladeshi diplomatic mission in New York, composite of foreign cadre officer and stuffs. Recprocally, America mission in Dhaka. In practice, the phrase diplomatic mission usually denotes the resident mission, namely the embassy. Which is the main office of a country’s diplomatic representatives to another country. It’s located usually, but not necessarily receiving state’s capital city.

Consulates, on the other hand, are smaller diplomatic missions which are normally located in major cities of the receiving state (but can be located in the capital, usually when the sending country has no embassy in the receiving state). Non-resident permanent mission to one or more other countries. There are thus resident and non-resident embassies.

Diplomatic Security Division:

Started its operation on 1st February, 1976 as a part of Protection, Protocol and Chancery Division. It is stationed at Plat# 48, 49, Road no. 52, Gulshan-2. In 1984, operation as an independent unit namely Chancery Division. Then it was headed by one AC (Assistant Police Commissioner).  October, 2006, a Deputy Police Commissioner took over the charge. In 2013, Chancery was renamed as Diplomatic Security Division. This is a dedicated unit of DMP, only for protection of diplomats and diplomatic establishment inside Dhaka Metropolitan area and some privileged International Organization. Sanctioned manpower of 979 police personals.

Functions

Diplomatic security police provide security 24 hours a day at 51 Embassies and High Commissions, residence of ambassador and diplomats, diplomatic schools, diplomatic clubs like Nordic Club, American Club, Dutch Club, International Club, German Club. Australian Club etc. Other international organizations around Gulshan, Baridhara, Banani area and agargao area. Police escort for Ambassadors and Diplomats within DMP area and coordination while Diplomatic movement is outside Dhaka city.   Venue security for any program arranged by diplomats within embassy or at Hotels like Westin, Radisson blue, Le Meridian, Six Seasons and lakeshore Hotel Etc. Making Coordination with different police units and other government security organization for ensuring security measures for the diplomats upon request from embassies, thorough ministry of foreign affairs (MoFA).

Embassy/High Commissions in Dhaka

Afghanistan, Algeria, Australia, Bhutan, Brunei Darussalam, Canada, China, Denmark, Egypt, France, Germany, Vatican City, India, Indonesia, Iraq, Iran, Italy, Japan, North Korea, South Korea, State of Kuwait, Libya, Malaysia, Morocco, Myanmar, Oman, Nepal, Netherlands, Norway, Pakistan, Palestine, Philippines, Qatar, Russia, Saudi Arabia, Consulate of Singapore, Kosovo, Sweden, Switzerland, Thailand, Turkey, United Arab Emirates, UK, USA, Vietnam, Spain Brazil, Srilanka, EU, Aga Khan.

Vienna Convention on Diplomatic Immunity

The concept and custom of diplomatic immunity dates back thousands of years The Vienna Convention on Diplomatic Relations of 1961 is an international treaty that defines a framework for diplomatic relations between independent countries. It specifies the privileges of a diplomatic mission that enable diplomats to perform their function without fear of coercion or harassment by the host country. This forms the legal basis for diplomatic immunity. Its articles are considered a cornerstone of modern international relations. As of October 2018, it has been ratified by 192 states.

Rights and Immunity are enjoyed by diplomats

Diplomats are given safe passage and are considered not susceptible to lawsuit or prosecution under the host country’s laws, but they can still be expelled. Modern diplomatic immunity was codified as international law in the Vienna Convention on Diplomatic Relations (1961) which has been ratified by all but a handful of nations.

Diplomatic immunity

Diplomatic immunity is often granted to the highest-ranking officials of these agencies. Consular officials (that do not have concurrent diplomatic accreditation) formally have a more limited form of immunity, generally limited to their official duties. Diplomatic technical and administrative staff also have more limited immunity. Under the Vienna Convention; for this reason, some countries may accredit a member of technical or administrative staff as an attaché. Diplomatic immunity was developed to allow for the country /government relations, Including during periods of difficulties and armed conflict. Diplomats, who formally represent the sovereign. The receiving by head of state. Granting certain privileges and immunities to ensure duties. These are provided on a reciprocal basis.

Some Important articles of Vienna convention

Article 9: The host nation at any time and for any reason can declare a particular member of the diplomatic staff to be persona non grata. The sending state must recall this person within a reasonable period of time. This person may lose their diplomatic immunity.

Article 22: The premises of a diplomatic mission, such as an embassy, are inviolable.  Must not be entered by the host country. But possible only by permission of the head of the mission. Host country must protect the mission from intrusion or damage. Host country must never search the premises. 

Must not to be seize its documents or property. Article 30 extends this provision to the private residence of the diplomats.

Article 27: The host country must permit and protect free communication between the diplomats of the mission and their home country. A diplomatic bag must never be opened, even on suspicion of abuse. A diplomatic courier must never be arrested or detained.

Article 29: Diplomats must not be liable to any form of arrest or detention.  Diplomats are immune from civil or criminal prosecution. Though the sending country may waive this right under Article 32.

Article 34: Diplomatic agents are tax exempted.

Article 36: establishes that diplomatic agents are exempted from custom duties.

Article 37: The family members of diplomats that are living in the host country enjoy most of the same protections as the diplomats themselves.

Import process of vehicles by diplomats/diplomatic Missions:

Diplomatic Missions/International or Regional Organizations and the diplomats and privileged persons serving in those Missions can import vehicles. Duty-free basis. Prior approval of the Protocol Wing (Mission Service) of MoFA Coordination with the National Board of Revenue (NBR).

Purchase from Local Market: Missions/diplomats/privileged persons are allowed to purchase vehicles from a local supplier (i.e. Navana Ltd.). Duties have already being paid

Tax/VAT/Import Duty: Vienna Convention/host country agreements: Missions/diplomats/ privileged personal are exempted to pay duty while importing a vehicle. For a non-privileged person (for ex. Any Bangladeshi citizen) wants to buy the vehicle from a privileged person, the necessary duties/Taxes/ VAT must be paid as assessed by NBR. They must apply to MOFA for prior permission to buy the vehicle.

Registration Giving Authority: Mission Service Section of the Protocol Wing of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs provides registration:  a. Diplomats b. Privileged people’s c. Diplomatic Missions d. International and Regional organizations located in Bangladesh. BRTA:  can provide yellow number plates: some developments org like JICA (which are under the purview of ERD). MoFA:  Privileged persons of International and regional organizations (only to the Head of Mission in case of Intl and Regional Orgs).

Number Plate Color: MoFA provides only yellow number plates to Diplomatic missions, International and Regional Organizations, and the diplomats and privileged persons working in those Missions.

Writer : Deputy Police Commissioner

ভালো লাগলে শেয়ার করে দিন :)

0 Comments

Leave a Reply

Avatar placeholder

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *